- What is Vinyl Flooring?
- How is Vinyl Flooring Made?
- Benefits of Vinyl Flooring
- Installing Vinyl Flooring
What is Vinyl Flooring?
Vinyl is a synthetic man-made material and is a type of plastic that is made from ethylene and chlorine. When processed, both the substances are combined to form Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) resin, commonly referred to as vinyl. Early forms of vinyl flooring were first introduced over a century ago. Today, sheet vinyl products are available for consumers that prefer no seams and are available in 9 – 15 foot wide rolls. Some of the most popular types of vinyl on the market today are Luxury Vinyl Plank (LVP) and Luxury Vinyl Tile (LVT). These modular vinyl pieces allow for easier installations by consumers and professional installers.
How is Vinyl Flooring Made?
Vinyl resins and plasticizers are stirred together in a vat to make a plastisol, which is then heated to form a batter or dough like substance. When making vinyl planks or tiles this dough like substance is put through rollers and the material is squeezed into sheets. It is then covered with a print film that has the desired décor pattern. A clear layer of vinyl is mounted on top of the decor layer which provides the surface protection of the product. This top layer is referred to as the wear layer. Finally, a coating of polyurethane is applied to the wear layer, to further protect the product and to provide the desired sheen level. Some vinyl products have reinforced fibreglass cores for structural stability and some are mounted on top of composite cores for rigidity. The product is then cut in to the specified widths and lengths and for click together designs it is milled for a tongue and groove style locking systems.
Benefits of Vinyl Flooring
Vinyl flooring is the perfect choice for consumers who need a waterproof floor. It is available as modular pieces formed into wood planks and tiles and also sold as solid sheet goods. There is a wide selection of designs and decors to choose from allowing customers to create their own unique look. Vinyl is durable, easy to clean and ideally suited for kitchens, laundry rooms and bathrooms. It is also an excellent choice for commercial applications that are subject to heavy foot traffic and excess moisture. With proper care and maintenance vinyl flooring can last for many years.
Installing Vinyl Flooring
Modular vinyl flooring is sold as tiles and planks (LVT and LVP) and is available with many different installation methods including a full glue down application, a perimeter glue down application, a loose lay option and even a click together style. Loose lay vinyl is cut tight to the walls and best suited for small self-contained areas. For larger areas you can choose to use the full glue or perimeter glue option. There are even commercially rated products that have an adhesive coating applied to the back of the product at the factory, which allows for super easy installations. Pressure sensitive adhesives are even available as a roll-on application to assist the D-I-Y customer. Some types of vinyl are milled with a locking system similar to laminate flooring which allows for a click together installation. Proper sub-floor preparation is the key to a quality installation for any flooring product and even more so for vinyl. For further information contact a Laminate Warehouse representative.